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· One min read

数据库

SELECT default_character_set_name FROM information_schema.SCHEMATA
WHERE schema_name = "schemaname";

SELECT CCSA.character_set_name FROM information_schema.`TABLES` T,
information_schema.`COLLATION_CHARACTER_SET_APPLICABILITY` CCSA
WHERE CCSA.collation_name = T.table_collation
AND T.table_schema = "schemaname"
AND T.table_name = "tablename";

SELECT character_set_name FROM information_schema.`COLUMNS`
WHERE table_schema = "schemaname"
AND table_name = "tablename"
AND column_name = "columnname";

· One min read

创建用户

命令: CREATE USER 'username'@'host' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

说明: username - 你将创建的用户名, host - 指定该用户在哪个主机上可以登陆,如果是本地用户可用localhost, 如果想让该用户可以从任意远程主机登陆,可以使用通配符%. password - 该用户的登陆密码,密码可以为空,如果为空则该用户可以不需要密码登陆服务器.

例子:

CREATE USER 'dog'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '123456';
CREATE USER 'pig'@'192.168.1.101_' IDENDIFIED BY '123456';
CREATE USER 'pig'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '123456';
CREATE USER 'pig'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '';
CREATE USER 'pig'@'%';

授权

命令: GRANT privileges ON databasename.tablename TO 'username'@'host'

说明: privileges - 用户的操作权限,如SELECT , INSERT , UPDATE 等(详细列表见该文最后面).如果要授予所的权限则使用ALL.; databasename - 数据库名,tablename-表名,如果要授予该用户对所有数据库和表的相应操作权限则可用表示, 如.*.

例子:

GRANT SELECT, INSERT ON test.user TO 'pig'@'%';
GRANT ALL ON *.* TO 'pig'@'%';

注意:用以上命令授权的用户不能给其它用户授权,如果想让该用户可以授权,用以下命令:

GRANT privileges ON databasename.tablename TO 'username'@'host' WITH GRANT OPTION;